Material Components for the Web

Web

Text Fields

Text fields screenshot

The MDC Text Field component provides a textual input field adhering to the Material Design Specification. It is fully accessible, ships with RTL support, and includes a gracefully-degraded version that does not require any javascript.

Design & API Documentation

Installation

npm install --save @material/textfield

Usage

Single-line - with Javascript

<div class="mdc-text-field">
  <input type="text" id="my-text-field" class="mdc-text-field__input">
  <label class="mdc-text-field__label" for="my-text-field">Hint text</label>
  <div class="mdc-text-field__bottom-line"></div>
</div>

It’s also possible to wrap an input within a <label> to avoid dynamic id generation:

<label class="mdc-text-field">
  <input type="text" class="mdc-text-field__input">
  <span class="mdc-text-field__label">Hint Text</span>
  <div class="mdc-text-field__bottom-line"></div>
</label>

NOTE: Only place an mdc-text-field__label inside of a text field if you plan on using Javascript. Otherwise, the label must go outside of the text-field, as shown below.

Single-line - Gracefully degraded

<label for="text-field-no-js">TextField with no JS: </label>
<div class="mdc-text-field">
  <input type="text" id="text-field-no-js" class="mdc-text-field__input" placeholder="Hint text">
  <div class="mdc-text-field__bottom-line"></div>
</div>

Disabled Text Fields

<div class="mdc-text-field mdc-text-field--disabled">
  <input type="text" id="disabled-text-field" class="mdc-text-field__input" disabled>
  <label class="mdc-text-field__label" for="disabled-text-field">Disabled text field</label>
  <div class="mdc-text-field__bottom-line"></div>
</div>

Pre-filled text fields

When dealing with JS-driven text fields that already have values, you’ll want to ensure that you render the text field label with the mdc-text-field__label--float-above modifier class. This will ensure that the label moves out of the way of the text field’s value and prevents a Flash Of Un-styled Content (FOUC). You’ll also want to add the mdc-text-field--upgraded modifier class on the text-field root element. The JS component does for you automatically on initialization, but since it won’t be added until that JS runs, adding it manually will prevent an initial FOUC.

<div class="mdc-text-field mdc-text-field--upgraded">
  <input type="text" id="pre-filled" class="mdc-text-field__input" value="Pre-filled value">
  <label class="mdc-text-field__label mdc-text-field__label--float-above" for="pre-filled">
    Label in correct place
  </label>
  <div class="mdc-text-field__bottom-line"></div>
</div>

Using help text

MDC Text Fields can include help text that is useful for providing supplemental information to users, as well for validation messages (covered below).

<div class="mdc-text-field">
  <input type="text" id="username" class="mdc-text-field__input" aria-controls="username-helptext">
  <label for="username" class="mdc-text-field__label">Username</label>
  <div class="mdc-text-field__bottom-line"></div>
</div>
<p id="username-helptext" class="mdc-text-field-helptext" aria-hidden="true">
  This will be displayed on your public profile
</p>

Help text appears on input field focus and disappears on input field blur by default when using the text-field JS component.

Persistent help text

If you’d like the help text to always be visible, add the mdc-text-field-helptext--persistent modifier class to the element.

<div class="mdc-text-field">
  <input type="email" id="email" class="mdc-text-field__input">
  <label for="email" class="mdc-text-field__label">Email address</label>
  <div class="mdc-text-field__bottom-line"></div>
</div>
<p class="mdc-text-field-helptext mdc-text-field-helptext--persistent">
  We will <em>never</em> share your email address with third parties
</p>

Help text and accessibility

Note that in every example where the help text is dependent on the state of the input element, we assign an id to the mdc-text-field-helptext element and set that id to the value of the aria-controls attribute on the input element. We recommend doing this as well as it will help indicate to assistive devices that the display of the help text is dependent on the interaction with the input element.

When using our vanilla JS component, if it sees that the input element has an aria-controls attribute, it will look for an element with the id specified and treat it as the text field’s help text element, taking care of adding/removing aria-hidden and other a11y attributes. This can also be done programmatically, which is described below.

Validation

MDC TextField provides validity styling by using the :invalid and :required attributes provided by HTML5’s form validation API.

<div class="mdc-text-field">
  <input type="password" id="pw" class="mdc-text-field__input" required minlength=8>
  <label for="pw" class="mdc-text-field__label">Password</label>
  <div class="mdc-text-field__bottom-line"></div>
</div>

By default an input’s validity is checked via checkValidity() on blur, and the styles are updated accordingly. Set the MDCTextField.valid variable to set the input’s validity explicitly. MDC TextField automatically appends an asterisk to the label text if the required attribute is set.

Help text can be used to provide additional validation messages. Use mdc-text-field-helptext--validation-msg to provide styles for using the help text as a validation message. This can be easily combined with mdc-text-field-helptext--persistent to provide a robust UX for client-side form field validation.

<div class="mdc-text-field">
  <input required minlength=8 type="password" class="mdc-text-field__input" id="pw"
         aria-controls="pw-validation-msg">
  <label for="pw" class="mdc-text-field__label">Choose password</label>
  <div class="mdc-text-field__bottom-line"></div>
</div>
<p class="mdc-text-field-helptext
          mdc-text-field-helptext--persistent
          mdc-text-field-helptext--validation-msg"
   id="pw-validation-msg">
  Must be at least 8 characters long
</p>

Leading and Trailing Icons

Leading and trailing icons can be added to MDC Text Fields as visual indicators as well as interaction targets. To do so, add the relevant classes (mdc-text-field--with-leading-icon or mdc-text-field--with-trailing-icon) to the root element, add an i element with your preferred icon, and give it a class of mdc-text-field__icon.

Leading:

<div class="mdc-text-field mdc-text-field--box mdc-text-field--with-leading-icon">
  <i class="material-icons mdc-text-field__icon" tabindex="0">event</i>
  <input type="text" id="my-input" class="mdc-text-field__input">
  <label for="my-input" class="mdc-text-field__label">Your Name</label>
  <div class="mdc-text-field__bottom-line"></div>
</div>

Trailing:

<div class="mdc-text-field mdc-text-field--box mdc-text-field--with-trailing-icon">
  <input type="text" id="my-input" class="mdc-text-field__input">
  <label for="my-input" class="mdc-text-field__label">Your Name</label>
  <i class="material-icons mdc-text-field__icon" tabindex="0">event</i>
  <div class="mdc-text-field__bottom-line"></div>
</div>

NOTE: if you would like to display un-clickable icons, simply remove tabindex="0", and the css will ensure the cursor is set to default, and that actioning on an icon doesn’t do anything unexpected.

Textarea

<div class="mdc-text-field mdc-text-field--textarea">
  <textarea id="textarea" class="mdc-text-field__input" rows="8" cols="40"></textarea>
  <label for="textarea" class="mdc-text-field__label">Textarea Label</label>
</div>

Textarea - CSS Only

<div class="mdc-text-field mdc-text-field--textarea">
  <textarea id="textarea-css-only"
    class="mdc-text-field__input"
    rows="8"
    cols="40"
    placeholder="Enter something about yourself"></textarea>
</div>

Full-width

<div class="mdc-text-field mdc-text-field--fullwidth">
  <input class="mdc-text-field__input"
         type="text"
         placeholder="Full-Width TextField"
         aria-label="Full-Width TextField">
</div>

<div class="mdc-text-field mdc-text-field--fullwidth mdc-text-field--textarea">
  <textarea id="full-width-textarea" class="mdc-text-field__input" rows="8"></textarea>
  <label for="full-width-textarea" class="mdc-text-field__label">Textarea Label</label>
</div>

Note that full-width text fields do not support floating labels. Labels should not be included as part of the DOM structure for full-width text fields. Full-width textareas behave normally.

Text Field Boxes

<div class="mdc-text-field mdc-text-field--box">
  <input type="text" id="tf-box" class="mdc-text-field__input">
  <label for="tf-box" class="mdc-text-field__label">Your Name</label>
  <div class="mdc-text-field__bottom-line"></div>
</div>

Note that Text field boxes support all of the same features as normal text-fields, including help text, validation, and dense UI.

CSS-only text field boxes

<label for="css-only-text-field-box">Your name:</label>
<div class="mdc-text-field mdc-text-field--box">
  <input type="text" class="mdc-text-field__input" id="css-only-text-field-box" placeholder="Name">
</div>

Sass Mixins

To customize a Filled Text Field or a Text Field textarea’s border radius, you can use the following mixins. Alternatively, if you would like to change the border radius for every instance of MDC Text Field uniformly, regardless of the variant, you can override $mdc-text-field-border-radius in Sass.

mdc-text-field-box-corner-radius($radius)

This mixin customizes the border radius for a Text Field Box.

mdc-text-field-textarea-corner-radius($radius)

This mixin customizes the border radius for a Text Field textarea.

Using the JS component

MDC TextField ships with Component / Foundation classes which are used to provide a full-fidelity Material Design text field component.

Including in code

ES2015
import {MDCTextField, MDCTextFieldFoundation} from '@material/textfield';
CommonJS
const mdcTextField = require('mdc-text-field');
const MDCTextField = mdcTextField.MDCTextField;
const MDCTextFieldFoundation = mdcTextField.MDCTextFieldFoundation;
AMD
require(['path/to/mdc-textfield'], mdcTextField => {
  const MDCTextField = mdcTextField.MDCTextField;
  const MDCTextFieldFoundation = mdcTextField.MDCTextFieldFoundation;
});
Global
const MDCTextField = mdc.textField.MDCTextField;
const MDCTextFieldFoundation = mdc.textField.MDCTextFieldFoundation;

Automatic Instantiation

mdc.textField.MDCTextField.attachTo(document.querySelector('.mdc-text-field'));

Manual Instantiation

import {MDCTextField} from '@material/textfield';

const textField = new MDCTextField(document.querySelector('.mdc-text-field'));

Controlling ripple instantiation

When MDCTextField is instantiated with a root element containing the mdc-text-field--box class, it instantiates an MDCRipple instance on the element in order to facilitate the correct interaction UX for text field boxes as outlined in the spec. The way this ripple is instantiated can be controlled by passing a ripple factory argument to the constructor.

const textFieldBoxEl = document.querySelector('.mdc-text-field--box');
const textField = new MDCTextField(textFieldBoxEl, /* foundation */ undefined, (el) => {
  // do something with el...
  return new MDCRipple(el);
});

By default the ripple factory simply calls new MDCRipple(el) and returns the result.

MDCTextField API

Similar to regular DOM elements, the MDCTextField functionality is exposed through accessor methods.

MDCTextField.helptextElement

HTMLLabelElement. This is a normal property (non-accessor) that holds a reference to the element being used as the text field’s “help text”. It defaults to null. If the text field’s input element contains an aria-controls attribute on instantiation of the component, it will look for an element with the corresponding id within the document and automatically assign it to this property.

MDCTextField.disabled

Boolean. Proxies to the foundation’s isDisabled/setDisabled methods when retrieved/set respectively.

MDCTextField.valid

Boolean setter. Proxies to the foundation’s setValid method when set.

MDCTextField.ripple

MDCRipple instance. Set to the MDCRipple instance for the root element that MDCTextField initializes when given an mdc-text-field--box root element. Otherwise, the field is set to null.

Using the foundation class

Because MDC TextField is a feature-rich and relatively complex component, its adapter is a bit more complicated.

Method Signature Description
addClass(className: string) => void Adds a class to the root element
removeClass(className: string) => void Removes a class from the root element
addClassToLabel(className: string) => void Adds a class to the label element. We recommend you add a conditional check here, and in removeClassFromLabel for whether or not the label is present so that the JS component could be used with text fields that don’t require a label, such as the full-width text field.
removeClassFromLabel(className: string) => void Removes a class from the label element
eventTargetHasClass(target: HTMLElement, className: string) => boolean Returns true if classname exists for a given target element
registerTextFieldInteractionHandler(evtType: string, handler: EventListener) => void Registers an event handler on the root element for a given event
deregisterTextFieldInteractionHandler(evtType: string, handler: EventListener) => void Deregisters an event handler on the root element for a given event
notifyIconAction() => void Emits a custom event “MDCTextField:icon” denoting a user has clicked the icon
addClassToBottomLine(className: string) => void Adds a class to the bottom line element
removeClassFromBottomLine(className: string) => void Removes a class from the bottom line element
addClassToHelptext(className: string) => void Adds a class to the help text element. Note that in our code we check for whether or not we have a help text element and if we don’t, we simply return.
removeClassFromHelptext(className: string) => void Removes a class from the help text element.
helptextHasClass(className: string) => boolean Returns whether or not the help text element contains the current class
registerInputInteractionHandler(evtType: string, handler: EventListener) => void Registers an event listener on the native input element for a given event
deregisterInputInteractionHandler(evtType: string, handler: EventListener) => void Deregisters an event listener on the native input element for a given event
registerTransitionEndHandler(handler: EventListener) => void Registers an event listener on the bottom line element for a “transitionend” event
deregisterTransitionEndHandler(handler: EventListener) => void Deregisters an event listener on the bottom line element for a “transitionend” event
setBottomLineAttr(attr: string, value: string) => void Sets an attribute with a given value on the bottom line element
setHelptextAttr(name: string, value: string) => void Sets an attribute with a given value on the help text element
removeHelptextAttr(name: string) => void Removes an attribute from the help text element
getNativeInput() => {value: string, disabled: boolean, badInput: boolean, checkValidity: () => boolean}? Returns an object representing the native text input element, with a similar API shape. The object returned should include the value, disabled and badInput properties, as well as the checkValidity() function. We never alter the value within our code, however we do update the disabled property, so if you choose to duck-type the return value for this method in your implementation it’s important to keep this in mind. Also note that this method can return null, which the foundation will handle gracefully.

The full foundation API

MDCTextFieldFoundation.isDisabled() => boolean

Returns a boolean specifying whether or not the input is disabled.

MDCTextFieldFoundation.setDisabled(disabled: boolean)

Updates the input’s disabled state.

MDCTextFieldFoundation.setValid(isValid: boolean)

Sets the validity state of the Text Field. Triggers custom validity checking.

MDCTextFieldFoundation.handleTextFieldInteraction(evt: Event)

Handles click and keydown events originating from inside the Text Field component.

MDCTextFieldFoundation.activateFocus()

Activates the focus state of the Text Field. Normally called in response to the input focus event.

MDCTextFieldFoundation.deactivateFocus()

Deactivates the focus state of the Text Field. Normally called in response to the input blur event.

MDCTextFieldFoundation.animateBottomLine(evt: Event)

Animates the bottom line. The animation expands outward from the user’s click or touch. Expects an event with clientX/clientY properties.

MDCTextFieldFoundation.handleBottomLineAnimationEnd(evt: Event)

Handles the end of the bottom line animation, performing actions that must wait for animations to finish. Expects a transition-end event.

Theming

MDC TextField components use the configured theme’s primary color for its underline and label text when the input is focused.

MDC TextField components support dark themes.