Material Design


Elevation screenshot

Shadows provide important visual cues about objects’ depth and directional movement. They are the only visual cue indicating the amount of separation between surfaces. An object’s elevation determines the appearance of its shadow. The elevation values are mapped out in a “z-space” and range from 0 to 24.

A note about “z-space”: Within the spec, elevation is normally referred to as having a dp value. In other words, how many “pixels” above the base material is a piece of material elevated. On a computer, this is normally represented by a 3-d coordinate system. We like z-space (or just “z” for short) because it aligns with the technical definition of, and nomenclature for, a 3-d coordinate system. Therefore, we feel it makes more sense than dp. However, when we refer to z-space (or z), that can be used interchangeably with the spec’s dp.

Design & API Documentation


npm install @material/elevation

Basic Usage


Elevation is often already included within the baseline styles of other components (e.g. raised buttons, elevated cards).

However, you can also apply elevation to specific components using mdc-elevation--z<N> classes:

  <div class="mdc-elevation--z1">
    <!-- ... content ... -->


@import "@material/elevation/mdc-elevation";

Style Customization

CSS Classes

Some components have a set elevation. For example, a raised MDC Button has elevation 2.

If you want to set the elevation of an element, which is not a Material Design component, you can apply the following CSS classes.

CSS Class Description
mdc-elevation--z<N> Sets the elevation to the (N)dp, where 1 <= N <= 24
mdc-elevation-transition Applies the correct css rules to transition an element between elevations

Sass Mixins, Variables, and Functions

Mixin Description
mdc-elevation($z-value, $color, $opacity-boost) Sets the elevation to the z-space for that given elevation, and optionally sets the color and/or boosts the opacity of the shadow
Function Description
mdc-elevation-transition-value($duration, $easing) Returns a value for the transition property to transition an element between elevations
Variable Description
$mdc-elevation-property Default property for elevation transitions
$mdc-elevation-transition-duration Default duration value for elevation transitions
$mdc-elevation-transition-timing-function Default easing value for elevation transitions

If you need more configurability over your transitions, use the mdc-elevation-transition-value function in conjunction with the exported sass variables.

.my-component-with-custom-transitions {

    /* Configure opacity to use same duration and easing values as elevation */
    opacity $mdc-elevation-transition-duration $mdc-elevation-transition-timing-function;
  opacity: .7;
  will-change: $mdc-elevation-property, opacity;