Material Design

Important - Deprecation Notice

The existing MDCGridList component and styles will be removed in a future release. Some of its functionality will be available in the MDC Image List package instead. Bugs and feature requests will no longer be accepted for the mdc-grid-list package. It is recommended that you migrate to the mdc-image-list package to continue to receive new features and updates.

Grid Lists

MDC Grid List provides a RTL-aware Material Design Grid list component adhering to the Material Design Grid list spec. Grid Lists are best suited for presenting homogeneous data, typically images. Each item in a grid list is called a tile. Tiles maintain consistent width, height, and padding across screen sizes.

Installation

npm install @material/grid-list

Usage

Basic Grid list has the following structure:

<div class="mdc-grid-list">
  <ul class="mdc-grid-list__tiles">
    <li class="mdc-grid-tile">
      <div class="mdc-grid-tile__primary">
        <img class="mdc-grid-tile__primary-content" src="my-image.jpg" />
      </div>
      <span class="mdc-grid-tile__secondary">
        <span class="mdc-grid-tile__title">Title</span>
      </span>
    </li>
    <li class="mdc-grid-tile">
      <div class="mdc-grid-tile__primary">
        <img class="mdc-grid-tile__primary-content" src="my-image.jpg" />
      </div>
      <span class="mdc-grid-tile__secondary">
        <span class="mdc-grid-tile__title">Title</span>
      </span>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>

The above markup will give you a Grid list of tiles that:

  • Have 4px padding in between themselves
  • Have a 1x1 aspect ratio
  • Have a one-line footer caption with no icon

You just need to put the content you want to load in src of <img class="mdc-grid-tile__primary-content" src="..."/>. However, if your assets don’t have the same aspect ratio you as specified in the tile, it will distort those assets. We provide a solution of that case in Using a div in place of an img section.

Setting the tile width

The tile width is set to 200px by default. There are three ways that you can overwrite the default value for your grid list:

  1. Using CSS variables
  .mdc-grid-tile {
    --mdc-grid-list-tile-width: 300px;
  }
  1. Overwriting SCSS variable

You can overwrite the scss variable by

  $mdc-grid-list-tile-width: 300px;
  @import "@material/grid-list/mdc-grid-list";
  1. Add own style to tile
  <style>
    .my-grid-list .mdc-grid-tile {
      width : 300px;
    }
  </style>
  <div class="mdc-grid-list my-grid-list">
    <ul class="mdc-grid-list__tiles">
      <li class="mdc-grid-tile"></li>
      ...
    </ul>
  </div>

Change tile padding

Grid list tiles can have 1px padding instead of 4px by adding mdc-grid-list--tile-gutter-1 modifier.

<div class="mdc-grid-list mdc-grid-list--tile-gutter-1">
  <ul class="mdc-grid-list__tiles">
  ...
  </ul>
</div>

Image only tile

Grid lists support image only tile. You can remove mdc-grid-tile__secondary and create a image only grid list.

<div class="mdc-grid-list mdc-grid-list--tile-gutter-1">
  <ul class="mdc-grid-list__tiles">
    <li class="mdc-grid-tile">
      <div class="mdc-grid-tile__primary">
        <img class="mdc-grid-tile__primary-content" src="images/1-1.jpg" />
      </div>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>

Header caption

Grid lists support header caption. You can change the footer caption to be a header caption by adding mdc-grid-list--header-caption modifier.

<div class="mdc-grid-list mdc-grid-list--header-caption">
  <ul class="mdc-grid-list__tiles">
    ...
  </ul>
</div>

Add support text to secondary content (caption)

Grid lists support a one-line caption by default. You can add an additional line of support text if needed by adding the mdc-grid-list--twoline-caption modifier and additional markup

<div class="mdc-grid-list mdc-grid-list--twoline-caption">
  <ul class="mdc-grid-list__tiles">
    <li class="mdc-grid-tile">
      <div class="mdc-grid-tile__primary">
        <img class="mdc-grid-tile__primary-content" src="my-image.jpg" />
      </div>
      <span class="mdc-grid-tile__secondary">
        <span class="mdc-grid-tile__title">Title</span>
        <span class="mdc-grid-tile__support-text">Support text</span>
      </span>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>

Add icon to secondary content (caption)

You can add an icon to a caption by adding mdc-grid-list--with-icon-align-start or mdc-grid-list--with-icon-align-end and changing the markup.

<div class="mdc-grid-list mdc-grid-list--with-icon-align-start">
  <ul class="mdc-grid-list__tiles">
    <li class="mdc-grid-tile">
      <div class="mdc-grid-tile__primary">
        <img class="mdc-grid-tile__primary-content" src="my-image.jpg" />
      </div>
      <span class="mdc-grid-tile__secondary">
        <i class="mdc-grid-tile__icon material-icons">star_border</i>
        <span class="mdc-grid-tile__title">Title</span>
      </span>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>

Change aspect ratio of tile

Grid list tiles support all material guideline recommended aspect ratio:

  • 1x1
  • 16x9
  • 2x3
  • 3x2
  • 4x3
  • 3x4

You can use the modifier class mdc-grid-list--tile-aspect-$ASPECT_RATIO to apply these aspect ratios to your grid list. Simply replace $ASPECT_RATIO with any of the predefined ratios.

<!-- Example of 16x9 tile -->
<div class="mdc-grid-list mdc-grid-list--tile-aspect-16x9">
  <ul class="mdc-grid-list__tiles">
  ...
  </ul>
</div>

As pointed out in the previous section, if your assets don’t have the same aspect ratio you as specified in the tile, it will distort those assets. We provide a solution of that case in Using a div in place of an img section.

Using a div in place of an img

In case you cannot ensure all your assets will have the same aspect ratio, you can use div instead of img markup. It will resize the assets to cover the tile and crop the assets to display the center part.

<style>
  .my-tile-image {
    background-image: url(my-image.jpg);
  }
</style>
<div class="mdc-grid-list">
  <ul class="mdc-grid-list__tiles">
    <li class="mdc-grid-tile">
      <div class="mdc-grid-tile__primary">
        <div class="mdc-grid-tile__primary-content my-tile-image"></div>
      </div>
      <span class="mdc-grid-tile__secondary">
        <span class="mdc-grid-tile__title">Title</span>
      </span>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>

However, the method results in a less semantic markup, so we don’t use this method by default.

RTL Support

mdc-grid-list is automatically RTL-aware, and will re-position elements whenever it, or its ancestors, have a dir="rtl" attribute.

Theme

mdc-grid-list supports theming. mdc-grid-tile__primary uses the theme’s background color for its background color. mdc-grid-tile__secondary uses the theme’s primary color for its background color, and the theme’s on-primary color for its text color.

Using the Foundation Class

MDCGridList ships with an MDCGridListFoundation class that external frameworks and libraries can use to build their own MDCGridList components with minimal effort. As with all foundation classes, an adapter object must be provided. The adapter for Grid list must provide the following functions, with correct signatures:

Method Signature Description
getOffsetWidth() => number Get root element mdc-grid-list offsetWidth.
getNumberOfTiles() => number Get the number of mdc-grid-tile elements contained within the grid list.
getOffsetWidthForTileAtIndex(index: number) => number Get offsetWidth of mdc-grid-tile at specified index.
setStyleForTilesElement(property: string, value: number) => void Set mdc-grid-list__tiles style property to provided value.
registerResizeHandler(handler: Function) => void Registers a handler to be called when the surface (or its viewport) resizes. Our default implementation adds the handler as a listener to the window’s resize() event.
deregisterResizeHandler(handler: Function) => void Unregisters a handler to be called when the surface (or its viewport) resizes. Our default implementation removes the handler as a listener to the window’s resize() event.