Material Design

Image List

Image list screenshot

MDC Image List provides a RTL-aware Material Design image list component. An Image List consists of several items, each containing an image and optionally supporting content (i.e. a text label).

Design & API Documentation

Installation

npm install @material/image-list

Basic Usage

HTML Structure

The HTML structure for a Standard Image List is as follows:

<ul class="mdc-image-list my-image-list">
  <li class="mdc-image-list__item">
    <div class="mdc-image-list__image-aspect-container">
      <img class="mdc-image-list__image" src="...">
    </div>
    <div class="mdc-image-list__supporting">
      <span class="mdc-image-list__label">Text label</span>
    </div>
  </li>
  ...
</ul>

Styles

@import "@material/image-list/mdc-image-list";

The HTML structure above would be combined with an invocation of the mdc-image-list-standard-columns mixin, to establish how many columns should be displayed per line:

.my-image-list {
  @include mdc-image-list-standard-columns(5);
}

Images in a Standard Image list are constrained to 1:1 aspect ratio by default; this can be overridden using the mdc-image-list-aspect mixin documented below.

Variants

Masonry Image List

The Masonry Image List variant presents images vertically arranged into several columns, using CSS Columns. In this layout, images may be any combination of aspect ratios.

<ul class="mdc-image-list mdc-image-list--masonry my-masonry-image-list">
  <li class="mdc-image-list__item">
    <img class="mdc-image-list__image" src="...">
    <div class="mdc-image-list__supporting">
      <span class="mdc-image-list__label">Text label</span>
    </div>
  </li>
  ...
</ul>

Note: Masonry Image List items do not include the mdc-image-list__image-aspect-container element, since images in the list are not expected to be locked to a common aspect ratio.

This would be combined with an invocation of the mdc-image-list-masonry-columns mixin, to establish how many columns should be displayed:

.my-masonry-image-list {
  @include mdc-image-list-masonry-columns(5);
}

Style Customization

CSS Classes

CSS Class Description
mdc-image-list Mandatory. Indicates the root Image List element.
mdc-image-list--masonry Optional. Indicates that this Image List should use the Masonry variant.
mdc-image-list--with-text-protection Optional. Indicates that supporting content should be positioned in a scrim overlaying each image (instead of positioned separately under each image).
mdc-image-list__item Mandatory. Indicates each item in an Image List.
mdc-image-list__image-aspect-container Optional. Parent of each item’s image element, responsible for constraining aspect ratio. This element may be omitted entirely if images are already sized to the correct aspect ratio.
mdc-image-list__image Mandatory. Indicates the image element in each item.
mdc-image-list__supporting Optional. Indicates the area within each item containing the supporting text label, if the Image List contains text labels.
mdc-image-list__label Optional. Indicates the text label in each item, if the Image List contains text labels.

Sass Mixins

Mixin Description
mdc-image-list-aspect($width-height-ratio) Styles the aspect container elements within an Image List to conform to the given ratio, where 1 is 1:1, greater than 1 is wider, and less than 1 is taller.
mdc-image-list-shape-radius($radius, $rtl-reflexive) Sets the rounded shape to image list item with given radius size. Set $rtl-reflexive to true to flip radius values in RTL context, defaults to false.
mdc-image-list-standard-columns($column-count, $gutter-size) Styles a Standard Image List to display the given number of columns. $gutter-size is optional and overrides the default amount of space between items.
mdc-image-list-masonry-columns($column-count, $gutter-size) Styles a Masonry Image List to display the given number of columns. $gutter-size is optional and overrides the default amount of space between items.

Note: Only one of the mdc-image-list-...-columns mixins should be used for any given Image List. Use the mixin appropriate to the variant being used.

Additional Information

Constraining width

The mdc-image-list-...-columns mixins will grow and shrink items based on the Image List’s overall width. Depending on placement, this could be directly related to the viewport width, and images could become exceedingly large compared to their actual rendered size. This can be restricted by using any of min-width, width, or max-width on the Image List:

.my-image-list {
  @include mdc-image-list-standard-columns(5);
  max-width: 960px;
}

Note: Remember that any specified width will apply to the entire list, so be sure to account for the gutters as well.

Changing number of columns across breakpoints

Presenting a different number of columns for different viewport sizes is straightforward, since the only thing that needs to be changed are styles:

.my-image-list {
  @include mdc-image-list-standard-columns(5);
}

@media (max-width: 599px) {
  .my-image-list {
    @include mdc-image-list-standard-columns(3);
  }
}

Using div in place of img to enforce aspect ratio

Note: This advice is not applicable to Masonry Image List, where images do not share a common aspect ratio.

Images in an Image List typically use the img element. However, if your assets don’t have the same aspect ratio as specified for list items, they will become distorted. In these cases, you can use a div element in place of img, and set the background-image of each.

Note: Ensuring your images are appropriately-sized prior to serving them to browsers is the most efficient and ideal approach to using MDC Image List. The div alternative is provided as a convenience. If you use this alternative, make sure to also include the mdc-image-list__image-aspect-container element around each item’s image.