Material Design

Floating Label

Floating labels display the type of input a field requires. Every Text Field and Select should have a label, except for full-width text fields, which use the input’s placeholder attribute instead. Labels are aligned with the input line and always visible. They can be resting (when a field is inactive and empty) or floating. The label is a text caption or description for the Text Field.

Design & API Documentation

Basic Usage

HTML Structure

<label class="mdc-floating-label" for="my-text-field-id">Hint text</label>


@import "@material/floating-label/mdc-floating-label";

JavaScript Instantiation

import {MDCFloatingLabel} from '@material/floating-label';

const floatingLabel = new MDCFloatingLabel(document.querySelector('.mdc-floating-label'));


Avoid Dynamic ID Generation

If you’re using the JavaScript-enabled version of floating label, you can avoid needing to assign a unique id to each <input> by wrapping mdc-text-field__input within a <label>:

<label class="mdc-text-field">
  <input type="text" class="mdc-text-field__input">
  <span class="mdc-floating-label">Hint Text</span>
  <div class="mdc-text-field__bottom-line"></div>

NOTE: This method also works with <select>.

Style Customization

CSS Classes

CSS Class Description
mdc-floating-label Mandatory.
mdc-floating-label--float-above Indicates the label is floating in the floating position.
mdc-floating-label--shake Shakes the label.

Sass Mixins

Mixin Description
mdc-floating-label-ink-color($color) Customizes the ink color of the label.
mdc-floating-label-fill-color($color) Customizes the fill color of the label.
mdc-floating-label-shake-keyframes($modifier, $positionY, $positionX, $scale) Generates a CSS @keyframes at-rule for an invalid label shake. Used in conjunction with the mdc-floating-label-shake-animation mixin.
mdc-floating-label-shake-animation($modifier) Applies shake keyframe animation to label.
mdc-floating-label-float-position($positionY, $positionX, $scale) Sets position of label when floating.

MDCFloatingLabel Properties and Methods

Method Signature Description
shake(shouldShake: boolean) => void Proxies to the foundation’s shake() method.
float(shouldFloat: boolean) => void Proxies to the foundation’s float() method.
getWidth() => number Proxies to the foundation’s getWidth() method.

Usage Within Frameworks

If you are using a JavaScript framework, such as React or Angular, you can create a Floating Label for your framework. Depending on your needs, you can use the Simple Approach: Wrapping MDC Web Vanilla Components, or the Advanced Approach: Using Foundations and Adapters. Please follow the instructions here.


Method Signature Description
addClass(className: string) => void Adds a class to the label element.
removeClass(className: string) => void Removes a class from the label element.
getWidth() => number Returns the width of the label element.


Method Signature Description
shake(shouldShake: boolean) Shakes or stops shaking the label, depending on the value of shouldShake.
float(shouldFloat: boolean) Floats or docks the label, depending on the value of shouldFloat.
getWidth() => number Returns the width of the label element.