Material Design

Important - Default Style Deprecation Notice

The existing default text field style will be changed in an upcoming release. The Material spec indicates that the default style will be the filled variant (currently referred to as the box variant). This will become the
default style. Continuing to add the mdc-text-field--box class to the text field will result in no change.

Text Field

Text fields screenshot

Text fields allow users to input, edit, and select text.

Design & API Documentation

Installation

npm install @material/textfield

Basic Usage

HTML Structure

<div class="mdc-text-field">
  <input type="text" id="my-text-field" class="mdc-text-field__input">
  <label class="mdc-floating-label" for="my-text-field">Hint text</label>
  <div class="mdc-line-ripple"></div>
</div>

NOTE: Text field supports text, number, and password input types (e.g., <input type="password" class="mdc-text-field__input">).

Other input types (such as date) are not currently supported.

NOTE: For more details, see MDC Line Ripple and MDC Floating Label.

Styles

@import "@material/textfield/mdc-text-field";

JavaScript Instantiation

import {MDCTextField} from '@material/textfield';

const textField = new MDCTextField(document.querySelector('.mdc-text-field'));

See Importing the JS component for more information on how to import JavaScript.

Variants

Full Width

Full width text fields are useful for in-depth tasks or entering complex information.

<div class="mdc-text-field mdc-text-field--fullwidth">
  <input class="mdc-text-field__input"
         type="text"
         placeholder="Full-Width Text Field"
         aria-label="Full-Width Text Field">
</div>

NOTE: Do not use mdc-text-field--box or mdc-text-field--outlined to style a full width text field.

NOTE: Do not use mdc-floating-label within mdc-text-field--fullwidth. Labels should not be included as part of the DOM structure of a full width text field.

Textarea

<div class="mdc-text-field mdc-text-field--textarea">
  <textarea id="textarea" class="mdc-text-field__input" rows="8" cols="40"></textarea>
  <label for="textarea" class="mdc-floating-label">Textarea Label</label>
</div>

Outlined

<div class="mdc-text-field mdc-text-field--outlined">
  <input type="text" id="tf-outlined" class="mdc-text-field__input">
  <label for="tf-outlined" class="mdc-floating-label">Your Name</label>
  <div class="mdc-notched-outline">
    <svg>
      <path class="mdc-notched-outline__path"/>
    </svg>
  </div>
  <div class="mdc-notched-outline__idle"></div>
</div>

See here for more information on using the notched outline sub-component.

NOTE: Do not use mdc-line-ripple inside of mdc-text-field if you plan on using mdc-text-field--outlined. Line Ripple should not be included as part of the DOM structure of an outlined text field.

Disabled

To disable the text field, add the disabled attribute to the <input> element and add the mdc-text-field--disabled class to the mdc-text-field element.

<div class="mdc-text-field mdc-text-field--disabled">
  <input type="text" id="disabled-text-field" class="mdc-text-field__input" disabled>
  <label class="mdc-floating-label" for="disabled-text-field">Disabled text field</label>
  <div class="mdc-line-ripple"></div>
</div>

Text Field with Helper Text

The helper text provides supplemental information and/or validation messages to users. It appears on input field focus and disappears on input field blur by default, or it can be persistent. See here for more information on using helper text.

Text Field with Leading and Trailing Icons

Leading and trailing icons can be added within the box or outlined variants of MDC Text Field as visual indicators as well as interaction targets. See here for more information on using icons.

HTML5 Validation

MDCTextFieldFoundation provides validity styling by using the :invalid and :required attributes provided by HTML5’s form validation API.

<div class="mdc-text-field">
  <input type="password" id="pw" class="mdc-text-field__input" required minlength=8>
  <label for="pw" class="mdc-floating-label">Password</label>
  <div class="mdc-line-ripple"></div>
</div>

MDCTextFieldFoundation automatically appends an asterisk to the label text if the required attribute is set.

Pre-filled

When dealing with JS-driven text fields that already have values, you’ll want to ensure that you render mdc-floating-label with the mdc-floating-label--float-above modifier class, and mdc-text-field with the mdc-text-field--upgraded modifier class. This will ensure that the label moves out of the way of the text field’s value and prevents a Flash Of Un-styled Content (FOUC).

<div class="mdc-text-field mdc-text-field--upgraded">
  <input type="text" id="pre-filled" class="mdc-text-field__input" value="Pre-filled value">
  <label class="mdc-floating-label mdc-floating-label--float-above" for="pre-filled">
    Label in correct place
  </label>
  <div class="mdc-line-ripple"></div>
</div>

Style Customization

CSS Classes

CSS Class Description
mdc-text-field Mandatory.
mdc-text-field--upgraded Indicates the text field is upgraded, using JavaScript.
mdc-text-field--box Styles the text field as a box text field.
mdc-text-field--outlined Styles the text field as an outlined text field.
mdc-text-field--fullwidth Styles the text field as a full width text field.
mdc-text-field--textarea Indicates the text field is a <textarea>.
mdc-text-field--disabled Styles the text field as a disabled text field.
mdc-text-field--dense Styles the text field as a dense text field.
mdc-text-field--with-leading-icon Styles the text field as a text field with a leading icon.
mdc-text-field--with-trailing-icon Styles the text field as a text field with a trailing icon.
mdc-text-field--focused Styles the text field as a text field in focus.

Sass Mixins

To customize the colors of any part of the text-field, use the following mixins. We recommend you apply these mixins within CSS selectors like .foo-text-field:not(.mdc-text-field--focused) to select your unfocused text fields, and .foo-text-field.mdc-text-field--focused to select your focused text-fields. To change the invalid state of your text fields, apply these mixins with CSS selectors such as .foo-text-field.mdc-text-field--invalid.

NOTE: the mdc-line-ripple-color mixin should be applied from the not focused class foo-text-field:not(.mdc-text-field--focused)).

Mixins for Text Field Box

Mixin Description
mdc-text-field-box-corner-radius($radius) Customizes the border radius for the text field box variant.
mdc-text-field-box-fill-color($color) Customizes the background color of the text field box.

Mixins for Outlined Text Field

Mixin Description
mdc-text-field-focused-outline-color($color) Customizes the outline border color when the text field is focused.
mdc-text-field-hover-outline-color($color) Customizes the outline border color when the text field is hovered.
mdc-text-field-outline-color($color) Customizes the border color of the outlined text field.
mdc-text-field-outline-corner-radius($radius) Sets the border radius of of the outlined text field variant.

Mixins for Textarea

Mixin Description
mdc-text-field-textarea-corner-radius($radius) Customizes the border radius for a <textarea> variant.
mdc-text-field-textarea-fill-color($color) Customizes the color of the background of the textarea.
mdc-text-field-textarea-stroke-color($color) Customizes the color of the border of the textarea.

Mixins for Text Field Fullwidth

Mixin Description
mdc-text-field-fullwidth-bottom-line-color($color) Customizes the fullwidth text field variant bottom line color.

Other Mixins

Mixin Description
mdc-text-field-bottom-line-color($color) Customizes the text field bottom line color except the outlined and textarea variants.
mdc-text-field-hover-bottom-line-color($color) Customizes the hover text field bottom line color except the outlined and textarea variants.
mdc-text-field-ink-color($color) Customizes the text entered into the text field.
mdc-text-field-label-color($color) Customizes the text color of the label.
mdc-text-field-line-ripple-color($color) Customizes the color of the default line ripple of the text field.
mdc-text-field-caret-color($color) Customizes the color of the cursor caret of the text field.

MDCTextField Properties and Methods

Property Value Type Description
value String Proxies to the foundation’s getValue/setValue methods.
disabled Boolean Proxies to the foundation’s isDisabled/setDisabled methods.
valid Boolean Proxies to the foundation’s isValid/setValid methods.
required Boolean Proxies to the foundation’s isRequired/setRequired methods.
helperTextContent String Proxies to the foundation’s setHelperTextContent method when set.
ripple MDCRipple The MDCRipple instance for the root element that MDCTextField initializes; this only applies to Text Field Box, and is null for other variants.
Method Signature Description
layout() => void Adjusts the dimensions and positions for all sub-elements.

Usage Within Frameworks

If you are using a JavaScript framework, such as React or Angular, you can create a Text Field for your framework. Depending on your needs, you can use the Simple Approach: Wrapping MDC Web Vanilla Components, or the Advanced Approach: Using Foundations and Adapters. Please follow the instructions here.

MDCTextFieldAdapter

Method Signature Description
addClass(className: string) => void Adds a class to the root element.
removeClass(className: string) => void Removes a class from the root element.
hasClass(className: string) => boolean Returns true if the root element contains the given class name.
registerTextFieldInteractionHandler(evtType: string, handler: EventListener) => void Registers an event handler on the root element for a given event.
deregisterTextFieldInteractionHandler(evtType: string, handler: EventListener) => void Deregisters an event handler on the root element for a given event.
registerInputInteractionHandler(evtType: string, handler: EventListener) => void Registers an event listener on the native input element for a given event.
deregisterInputInteractionHandler(evtType: string, handler: EventListener) => void Deregisters an event listener on the native input element for a given event.
registerValidationAttributeChangeHandler(handler: function(!Array<string>) => undefined) => !MutationObserver Registers a validation attribute change listener on the input element. Handler accepts list of attribute changes.
deregisterValidationAttributeChangeHandler(!MutationObserver) => void Disconnects a validation attribute observer on the input element.
getNativeInput() => {value: string, disabled: boolean, badInput: boolean, checkValidity: () => boolean}? Returns an object representing the native text input element, with a similar API shape.
isFocused() => boolean Returns whether the input is focused.
isRtl() => boolean Returns whether the direction of the root element is set to RTL.
hasOutline() => boolean Returns whether there is an outline element.
notchOutline(labelWidth: number, isRtl: boolean) => void Updates the notched outline path to open the notch and update the notch width for the label element.
closeOutline() => void Closes the notch in the notched outline element.

MDCTextFieldAdapter.getNativeInput()

Returns an object representing the native text input element, with a similar API shape. The object returned should include the value, disabled and badInput properties, as well as the checkValidity() function. We never alter the value within our code, however we do update the disabled property, so if you choose to duck-type the return value for this method in your implementation it’s important to keep this in mind. Also note that this method can return null, which the foundation will handle gracefully.

MDCTextFieldAdapter.getIdleOutlineStyleValue(propertyName: string)

Returns the idle outline element’s computed style value of the given css property propertyName. The vanilla implementation achieves this via getComputedStyle(...).getPropertyValue(propertyName).

MDCTextFieldFoundation

Method Signature Description
getValue() => string Returns the input’s value.
setValue(value: string) Sets the input’s value.
isValid() => boolean If a custom validity is set, returns that value. Otherwise, returns the result of native validity checks.
setValid(isValid: boolean) Sets custom validity. Once set, native validity checking is ignored.
isDisabled() => boolean Returns whether or not the input is disabled.
setDisabled(disabled: boolean) => void Updates the input’s disabled state.
isRequired() => boolean Returns whether the input is required.
setRequired(isRequired: boolean) Sets whether the input is required.
handleTextFieldInteraction(evt: Event) => void Handles click and keydown events originating from inside the Text Field component.
handleValidationAttributeChange(attributesList: !Array<string>) => void Handles validation attribute changes.
activateFocus() => void Activates the focus state of the Text Field. Normally called in response to the input focus event.
deactivateFocus() => void Deactivates the focus state of the Text Field. Normally called in response to the input blur event.
setHelperTextContent(content: string) => void Sets the content of the helper text.
setIconAriaLabel(label: string) => void Sets the aria label of the icon.
setIconContent(content: string) => void Sets the text content of the icon.
notchOutline(openNotch: boolean) => void Opens/closes the notched outline.

MDCTextFieldFoundation supports multiple optional sub-elements: helper text and icon. The foundations of these sub-elements must be passed in as constructor arguments to MDCTextFieldFoundation.