Material Design

Text Field Helper Text

Helper text gives context about a field’s input, such as how the input will be used. It should be visible either persistently or only on focus.

Design & API Documentation

Basic Usage

HTML Structure

<div class="mdc-text-field-helper-text" aria-hidden="true">helper text</div>

NOTE: Place this inside .mdc-text-field-helper-line element which is an immediate sibling of .mdc-text-field.

Styles

@import "@material/textfield/helper-text/mdc-text-field-helper-text";

JavaScript Instantiation

import {MDCTextFieldHelperText} from '@material/textfield/helper-text';

const helperText = new MDCTextFieldHelperText(document.querySelector('.mdc-text-field-helper-text'));

Accessibility

Note that in every example where the helper text is dependent on the state of the input element, we assign an id to the mdc-text-field-helper-text element and set that id to the value of the aria-controls and aria-describedby attributes on the input element. We recommend doing this as well as it will help indicate to assistive devices that the display of the helper text is dependent on the interaction with the input element.

<div class="mdc-text-field">
  <input type="text" id="username" class="mdc-text-field__input"
         aria-controls="username-helper-text"
         aria-describedby="username-helper-text">
  <label for="username" class="mdc-floating-label">Username</label>
  <div class="mdc-line-ripple"></div>
</div>
<div class="mdc-text-field-helper-line">
  <div id="username-helper-text" class="mdc-text-field-helper-text" aria-hidden="true">
    This will be displayed on your public profile
  </div>
</div>

Style Customization

CSS Classes

CSS Class Description
mdc-text-field-helper-text Mandatory.
mdc-text-field-helper-text--persistent Makes the helper text permanently visible.
mdc-text-field-helper-text--validation-msg Indicates the helper text is a validation message.

Sass Mixins

Mixin Description
mdc-text-field-helper-text-color($color) Customizes the color of the helper text following a text-field.
mdc-text-field-helper-text-validation-color($color) Customizes the color of the helper text when it’s used as a validation message.

MDCTextFieldHelperText Properties and Methods

Property Value Type Description
foundation MDCTextFieldHelperTextFoundation Returns the helper text’s foundation. This allows the parent MDCTextField component to access the public methods on the MDCTextFieldHelperTextFoundation class.

Usage Within Frameworks

If you are using a JavaScript framework, such as React or Angular, you can create a Helper Text for your framework. Depending on your needs, you can use the Simple Approach: Wrapping MDC Web Vanilla Components, or the Advanced Approach: Using Foundations and Adapters. Please follow the instructions here.

MDCTextFieldHelperTextAdapter

Method Signature Description
addClass(className: string) => void Adds a class to the helper text element.
removeClass(className: string) => void Removes a class from the helper text element.
hasClass(className: string) => boolean Returns true if classname exists for the helper text element.
setAttr(attr: string, value: string) => void Sets an attribute with a given value on the helper text element.
removeAttr(attr: string) => void Removes an attribute on the helper text element.
setContent(attr: string) => void Sets the text content for the helper text element.

MDCTextFieldHelperTextFoundation

Method Signature Description
setContent(content: string) => void Sets the content of the helper text.
setPersistent(isPersistent: boolean) => void Sets the helper text as persistent.
setValidation(isValidation: boolean) => void Sets the helper text as a validation message.
showToScreenReader() => void Makes the helper text visible to the screen reader.
setValidity(inputIsValid: boolean) => void Sets the validity of the helper text based on the input validity.