Material Design

Menu Surface

Menus screenshot

The MDC Menu Surface component is a reusable surface that appears above the content of the page and can be positioned adjacent to an element. Menu Surfaces require JavaScript to properly position themselves when opening.

Design & API Documentation

Installation

npm install @material/menu-surface

Usage

HTML Structure

<div class="mdc-menu-surface">
...
</div>

Styles

@import "@material/menu-surface/mdc-menu-surface";

JavaScript Instantiation

import {MDCMenuSurface} from '@material/menu-surface';

const menuSurface = new MDCMenuSurface(document.querySelector('.mdc-menu-surface'));

See Importing the JS component for more information on how to import JavaScript.

Variants

Anchors and Positioning

Anchored To Parent

The menu surface can be positioned to automatically anchor to a parent element when opened.

<div id="toolbar" class="toolbar mdc-menu-surface--anchor">
  <div class="mdc-menu-surface">
  ...
  </div>
</div>

Anchor To Element Within Wrapper

The menu surface can be positioned to automatically anchor to another element, by wrapping the other element with the anchor class.

<div class="mdc-menu-surface--anchor">
  <button id="menu-surface-button">Open Menu Surface</button>
  <div class="mdc-menu-surface">
  ...
  </div>
</div>

Fixed Position

The menu surface can use fixed positioning when being displayed.

<div class="mdc-menu-surface mdc-menu-surface--fixed">
...
</div>

Or in JS:

// ...
menuSurface.setFixedPosition(true);

Absolute Position

The menu surface can use absolute positioning when being displayed. This requires that the element containing the menu (body if using hoistMenuToBody()) has the position: relative style.

<div class="mdc-menu-surface">
...
</div>
// ...
menuSurface.hoistMenuToBody(); // Not required if the menu-surface is already positioned on the body.
menuSurface.setAbsolutePosition(100, 100);

Style Customization

CSS Classes

CSS Class Description
mdc-menu-surface Mandatory.
mdc-menu-surface--animating-open Indicates the menu surface is currently animating open. This class is removed once the animation completes.
mdc-menu-surface--open Indicates the menu surface is currently open, or is currently animating open.
mdc-menu-surface--animating-closed Indicates the menu surface is currently animating closed. This class is removed once the animation completes.
mdc-menu-surface--anchor Used to indicate which element the menu should be anchored to.
mdc-menu-surface--fixed Used to indicate that the menu is using fixed positioning.

Sass Mixins

Mixin Description
mdc-menu-surface-ink-color($color) Sets the color property of the mdc-menu-surface.
mdc-menu-surface-fill-color($color) Sets the background-color property of the mdc-menu-surface.
mdc-menu-surface-shape-radius($radius, $rtl-reflexive) Sets the rounded shape to menu surface with given radius size. Set $rtl-reflexive to true to flip radius values in RTL context, defaults to false.

Constants & Types

Constant Name Description
Corner Enum for representing an element corner for positioning the menu-surface. See constants.ts.
Type Name Description
MDCMenuDimensions Width/height of an element. See types.ts.
MDCMenuDistance Margin values representing the distance from anchor point that the menu surface should be shown. See types.ts.
MDCMenuPoint X/Y coordinates. See types.ts.

MDCMenuSurface Properties and Methods

Property Value Type Description
open boolean Proxies to the foundation’s isOpen/(open, close) methods.
quickOpen boolean Proxies to the foundation’s setQuickOpen() method.
anchorElement Element Gets or sets the element that the surface is anchored to, or null if the surface is not anchored. Defaults to the root element’s parent mdc-menu-surface--anchor element if present.
Method Signature Description
setAnchorCorner(Corner) => void Proxies to the foundation’s setAnchorCorner(Corner) method.
setAnchorMargin(Partial<MDCMenuDistance>) => void Proxies to the foundation’s setAnchorMargin(Partial<MDCMenuDistance>) method.
setFixedPosition(isFixed: boolean) => void Adds the mdc-menu-surface--fixed class to the mdc-menu-surface element. Proxies to the foundation’s setIsHoisted() and setFixedPosition() methods.
setAbsolutePosition(x: number, y: number) => void Proxies to the foundation’s setAbsolutePosition(x, y) method. Used to set the absolute x/y position of the menu on the page. Should only be used when the menu is hoisted to the body.
setMenuSurfaceAnchorElement(element: Element) => void Changes the element used as an anchor for menu-surface positioning logic. Should be used with conjunction with hoistMenuToBody().
hoistMenuToBody() => void Removes the menu-surface element from the DOM and appends it to the body element. Should be used to overcome overflow: hidden issues.
setIsHoisted() => void Proxies to the foundation’s setIsHoisted method.
getDefaultFoundation() => MDCMenuSurfaceFoundation Returns the foundation.

Events

Event Name Data Description
MDCMenuSurface:closed none Event emitted after the menu surface is closed.
MDCMenuSurface:opened none Event emitted after the menu surface is opened.

Usage Within Frameworks

If you are using a JavaScript framework, such as React or Angular, you can create a Menu Surface for your framework. Depending on your needs, you can use the Simple Approach: Wrapping MDC Web Vanilla Components, or the Advanced Approach: Using Foundations and Adapters. Please follow the instructions here.

MDCMenuSurfaceAdapter

Method Signature Description
addClass(className: string) => void Adds a class to the root element.
removeClass(className: string) => void Removes a class from the root element.
hasClass(className: string) => boolean Returns a boolean indicating whether the root element has a given class.
hasAnchor: () => boolean Returns whether the menu surface has an anchor for positioning.
notifyClose() => void Dispatches an event notifying listeners that the menu surface has been closed.
notifyOpen() => void Dispatches an event notifying listeners that the menu surface has been opened.
isElementInContainer(el: Element) => boolean Returns true if the el Element is inside the mdc-menu-surface container.
isRtl() => boolean Returns boolean indicating whether the current environment is RTL.
setTransformOrigin(value: string) => void Sets the transform origin for the menu surface element.
isFocused() => boolean Returns a boolean value indicating whether the root element of the menu surface is focused.
saveFocus() => void Stores the currently focused element on the document, for restoring with restoreFocus.
restoreFocus() => void Restores the previously saved focus state, by making the previously focused element the active focus again.
isFirstElementFocused() => boolean Returns a boolean value indicating if the first focusable element of the menu-surface is focused.
isLastElementFocused() => boolean Returns a boolean value indicating if the last focusable element of the menu-surface is focused.
focusFirstElement() => void Focuses the first focusable element of the menu-surface.
focusLastElement() => void Focuses the last focusable element of the menu-surface.
getInnerDimensions() => MDCMenuDimensions Returns an object with the items container width and height.
getAnchorDimensions() => ClientRect \| null Returns an object with the dimensions and position of the anchor.
getBodyDimensions() => MDCMenuDimensions Returns an object with width and height of the body, in pixels.
getWindowDimensions() => MDCMenuDimensions Returns an object with width and height of the viewport, in pixels.
getWindowScroll() => MDCMenuPoint Returns an object with the amount the body has been scrolled on the x and y axis.
setPosition(position: Partial<MDCMenuDistance>) => void Sets the position of the menu surface element.
setMaxHeight(value: string) => void Sets max-height style for the menu surface element.

MDCMenuSurfaceFoundation

Method Signature Description
setAnchorCorner(corner: Corner) => void Sets the corner that the menu surface will be anchored to. See constants.ts
setAnchorMargin(margin: Partial<MDCMenuDistance>) => void Sets the distance from the anchor point that the menu surface should be shown.
setIsHoisted(isHoisted: boolean) => void Sets whether the menu surface has been hoisted to the body so that the offsets are calculated relative to the page and not the anchor.
setFixedPosition(isFixed: boolean) => void Sets whether the menu surface is using fixed positioning.
setAbsolutePosition(x: number, y: number) => void Sets the absolute x/y position of the menu. Should only be used when the menu is hoisted or using fixed positioning.
handleBodyClick(event: MouseEvent) => void Method used as the callback function for the click event.
handleKeydown(event: KeyboardEvent) => void Method used as the callback function for the keydown events.
open() => void Opens the menu surface.
close() => void Closes the menu.
isOpen() => boolean Returns a boolean indicating whether the menu surface is open.
setQuickOpen(quickOpen: boolean) => void Sets whether the menu surface should open and close without animation when the open/close methods are called.