Material Design

Snackbars

Snackbars screenshot

Snackbars provide brief messages about app processes at the bottom of the screen.

Design & API Documentation

Installation

npm install @material/snackbar

Basic Usage

HTML Structure

<div class="mdc-snackbar"
     aria-live="assertive"
     aria-atomic="true"
     aria-hidden="true">
  <div class="mdc-snackbar__text"></div>
  <div class="mdc-snackbar__action-wrapper">
    <button type="button" class="mdc-snackbar__action-button"></button>
  </div>
</div>

Styles

@import "@material/snackbar/mdc-snackbar";

JavaScript Instantiation

MDC Snackbar ships with a Component / Foundation combo which provides the API for showing snackbar messages with optional action.

import {MDCSnackbar} from '@material/snackbar';

const snackbar = new MDCSnackbar(document.querySelector('.mdc-snackbar'));

See Importing the JS component for more information on how to import JavaScript.

Variants

Start Aligned Snackbars (tablet and desktop only)

MDC Snackbar can be start aligned (including in RTL contexts). To create a start-aligned snackbar, add the mdc-snackbar--align-start modifier class to the root element.

<div class="mdc-snackbar mdc-snackbar--align-start"
     aria-live="assertive"
     aria-atomic="true"
     aria-hidden="true">
  <div class="mdc-snackbar__text"></div>
  <div class="mdc-snackbar__action-wrapper">
    <button type="button" class="mdc-snackbar__action-button"></button>
  </div>
</div>

Additional Information

Avoiding Flash-Of-Unstyled-Content (FOUC)

If you are loading the mdc-snackbar CSS asynchronously, you may experience a brief flash-of-unstyled-content (FOUC) due to the snackbar’s translate transition running once the CSS loads. To avoid this temporary FOUC, you can add the following simple style before the mdc-snackbar CSS is loaded:

.mdc-snackbar { transform: translateY(100%); }

This will move the snackbar offscreen until the CSS is fully loaded and avoids a translate transition upon load.

Style Customization

CSS Classes

CSS Class Description
mdc-snackbar Mandatory. Container for the snackbar elements.
mdc-snackbar__action-wrapper Mandatory. Wraps the action button.
mdc-snackbar__action-button Mandatory. The action button.
mdc-snackbar__text Mandtory. The next of the snackbar.
mdc-snackbar--align-start Optional. Class to align snackbar to start, ltr dependent.
mdc-snackbar--action-on-bottom Optional on the mdc-snackbar element. Moves action to bottom of snackbar. Can be applied in js.
mdc-snackbar--multiline Optional on the mdc-snackbar element. Makes the snackbar multiple lines. Can be applied in js.

MDCSnackbar Properties and Methods

Property Value Type Description
dismissesOnAction boolean Whether the snackbar dismisses when the action is clicked, or if it waits for the timeout anyway. Defaults to true.
Method Signature Description
show(data: DataObject=) => void Displays the snackbar. data populates the snackbar and sets options (see below).

DataObject Properties

Property Type Description
message string Mandatory. The text message to display.
timeout number The amount of time in milliseconds to show the snackbar. Defaults to 2750.
actionHandler function The function to execute when the action is clicked.
actionText string Mandatory if actionHandler is set. The text to display for the action button.
multiline boolean Whether to show the snackbar with space for multiple lines of text.
actionOnBottom boolean Whether to show the action below the multiple lines of text (only applicable when multiline is true).

Events

Event Name event.detail Description
MDCSnackbar:hide {} Emitted when the Snackbar is hidden.
MDCSnackbar:show {} Emitted when the Snackbar is shown.

Usage Within Frameworks

If you are using a JavaScript framework, such as React or Angular, you can create a Snackbar for your framework. Depending on your needs, you can use the Simple Approach: Wrapping MDC Web Vanilla Components, or the Advanced Approach: Using Foundations and Adapters. Please follow the instructions here.

MDCSnackbarAdapter

Method Signature Description
addClass(className: string) => void Adds a class to the root element.
removeClass(className: string) => void Removes a class from the root element.
setAriaHidden() => void Sets aria-hidden="true" on the root element.
unsetAriaHidden() => void Removes the aria-hidden attribute from the root element.
setActionAriaHidden() => void Sets aria-hidden="true" on the action element.
unsetActionAriaHidden() => void Removes the aria-hidden attribute from the action element.
setActionText(actionText: string) => void Set the text content of the action element.
setMessageText(message: string) => void Set the text content of the message element.
setFocus() => void Sets focus on the action button.
isFocused() => boolean Detects focus on the action button.
visibilityIsHidden() => boolean Returns document.hidden property.
registerBlurHandler(handler: EventListener) => void Registers an event handler to be called when a blur event is triggered on the action button.
deregisterBlurHandler(handler: EventListener) => void Deregisters a blur event handler from the actionButton.
registerVisibilityChangeHandler(handler: EventListener) => void Registers an event handler to be called when a ‘visibilitychange’ event occurs.
deregisterVisibilityChangeHandler(handler: EventListener) => void Deregisters an event handler to be called when a ‘visibilitychange’ event occurs.
registerCapturedInteractionHandler(evtType: string, handler: EventListener) => void Registers an event handler to be called when the given event type is triggered on the body.
deregisterCapturedInteractionHandler(evtType: string, handler: EventListener) => void Deregisters an event handler from the body.
registerActionClickHandler(handler: EventListener) => void Registers an event handler to be called when a click event is triggered on the action element.
deregisterActionClickHandler(handler: EventListener) => void Deregisters an event handler from a click event on the action element. This will only be called with handlers that have previously been passed to registerActionClickHandler calls.
registerTransitionEndHandler(handler: EventListener) => void Registers an event handler to be called when an transitionend event is triggered on the root element. Note that you must account for vendor prefixes in order for this to work correctly.
deregisterTransitionEndHandler(handler: EventListener) => void Deregisters an event handler from an transitionend event listener. This will only be called with handlers that have previously been passed to registerTransitionEndHandler calls.
notifyShow() => void Dispatches an event notifying listeners that the snackbar has been shown.
notifyHide() => void Dispatches an event notifying listeners that the snackbar has been hidden.